Elementary Education – A Foundation For Child Development


A person holding a baby

Primary education is generally the first point of entry to formal education, immediately following primary school and before kindergarten/school age. Primary education normally occurs in primary school, either the primary school or middle school depending on where the child lives. However, primary education also may occur at any point in a child’s life, through childcare or early childhood education programs. Here are some important facts you should know about primary education.

In most cases, primary education occurs before both kindergarten (the last stage of primary education) and high school (the last stage of primary education). In some countries, primary education continues on to high school even though a child has already graduated from primary school. The two types of early childhood education are community-based and government-based. In the US, a similar program called Head Start is administered at the state level, providing Early Childhood Education for low-income families and their children.

An Overview

A baby sitting on a bed

In many countries, primary education is formally offered by the government through public schools. In the United States, most states have direct-learning programs funded through federal funds. These programs provide the teaching principles of Montessori, along with other educational methods such as reading, writing, and math. In general, primary education provides the fundamental knowledge needed for young children to develop readiness for kindergarten, and later for entry into kindergarten. This knowledge can be further developed in the mid-secondary school and college stages.

Throughout primary education, parents play an active role in helping to shape the interests, goals, and learning outcomes of their children. The learning objectives of the program are often set by parents themselves. For example, parents may decide that their child should learn about animals, shapes, colors, and so on. A child’s success in school depends greatly on the quality of his communication skills. So it’s important to work with parents and teachers to establish an early education curriculum that is both comprehensive and meaningful to your child. The early education program will establish primary school readiness, including:

Elementary Education Facts

A person standing in front of a curtain

At the end of primary education, children usually enter the preschool stage. At this point, they are ready for kindergarten. In most cases, elementary education typically continues through the middle school years. Here, students are considered ready for elementary level reading, writing, and speaking (ESL) and have already grasped a basic understanding of the science of the particular subject they are studying.

Throughout primary education, children also become familiar with various concepts such as numbers, shapes, animals, and so on. By the end of first stage, they are generally familiar with approximately 80 percent of the scientific methods and concepts. During the middle school years, they are typically competent in at least some of the concepts taught in elementary education. This includes reading, writing, common math problems, and some social skills.

The fourth stage of elementary education is referred to as secondary education. At this point, students have grasped the concepts taught in elementary education, but are capable of independent thought and learning. During the last two years of elementary schooling, students are typically ready for higher education levels and should be tested for readiness. At this point, students are capable of working independently and demonstrating their academic knowledge to others.

Bottom Line

In the United States, the four basic stages of elementary understanding are designed to provide a strong foundation for students in the early years of learning. The first stage provides a solid foundation for a child to develop a strong sense of curiosity and to develop a strong sense of his or her personal identity. The second stage is primarily designed to instill a sense of awareness, a sense of purpose, a sense of direction, and the knowledge base necessary for primary education. The third stage further encourages students to think critically about the material they have been introduced into. Finally, the fourth stage builds a student’s confidence in his or her academic abilities and promotes him or her to think critically about various topics, including self-evaluation, critical thinking, and mathematical reasoning.

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